CBD stands for cannabidiol, a compound found naturally in hemp plants. Cannabidiol is a chemical compound known as a phytocannabinoid, which is naturally produced in plants like Cannabis. A cannabinoid is a chemical compound that acts on a cannabinoid receptor, which is part of the Endocannabinoid System–ECS for short.
Scientists believe that when a cannabinoid interacts with a receptor, it signals the receptor to initiate a response for that part of the body, e.g., a neurological trigger to regulate mood.
Being a natural compound of the plant, it can comprise up to 40 percent of hemp. Unlike THC, CBD is non-intoxicating, which means it will not get you high.
Based on your needs and preferences, you can apply CBD and other cannabinoids through different methods. Your choice of administration can affect how CBD works with your body; common ways of administering CBD is through ingestion, sublingual, inhalation, and topical.
The ECS is the network in the human body that is responsible for regulating the immune system, appetite, mood, sleep, and various other systemic functions that maintain the balance of the human ecosystem.
This balance is known as homeostasis.
CBD is not the compound that gets you “high.”
When cannabinoids interact with the ECS, they bind with the receptors on organs that trigger responses to balance the system.
Researchers have identified at least two cannabinoid receptors to date: CB1 & CB2. CB1 receptors are found mostly in various parts of the brain that control neurological responses. CB2 receptors are found mostly in the immune system and related structures like the spleen. These receptors are thought to be responsible for anti-inflammatory and therapeutic effects.
THC is the psychoactive compound in Cannabis known for producing a “high.” In Hemp, THC occurs in very low concentrations, whereas CBD is found in its highest known concentration in the plant world.